Irish Wildflowers in Urban Areas

Towns and built up areas seem an unlikely enviroment for wild flowers, but plants will grow where ever they can find themselves a niche, in cracks in the pavement, old walls, derelict building sites, the edges of sports grounds and other amenity areas. Naruralised garden escapes like buddleja, red valerian and wallflowers are among the sometimes surprising numbers of plants that grow in an urban habitat.

Below are some wildflowers often seen growing in and near towns and urban areas in Ireland. Many of them are also to be found growing by roadsides and on waste and arable land. Please hover over images for the Common and Irish name and click image for more photographs, plant details and distribution maps. Urban lichens can be seen here.

balsam,himalayan/indian (lus na pléisce) bindweed,black (glúineach dhubh) bindweed,hairy (ialus giobach) bindweed,large (ialus mór) bittercress,hairy (searbh-bhiolar giobach) brambles (dris) bridewort (brídeach) bridewort,confused burdock,lesser (cnádán) buttercup,creeping (fearbán reatha) butterfly-bush (tor an fhéileacáin) cats-ear (cluas chait) celandine,greater (gharra bhuí) charlock coltsfoot (gallán greanchair) coltsfoot (gallán greanchair) daisy (nóinín) daisy,ox-eye (nóinín mór) dandelions (caisearrbhán) dead-nettle,red (neantóg chaoch dhearg) evening-primrose,common (coinneal oiche) fat hen (praiseach fhiáin) feverfew (lus deartán) fleabane,hispid fleabane,mexican (nóinín balla) fuchsia (na fiúsaíos) fumitory,common (deatach talún) ground elder (lus an easpaig) groundsel (grúnlas) herb robert (ruithéal rí) honesty honeysuckle,himalayan (féithleann álainn) ivy (eidheán) knotgrass (glúineach bheag) knotweed,himalayan (glúineach spiceach) knotweed,japanese (glúineach bhiorach) mind-your-own-business (lus na ndeor) monbretia (feileastram dearg) mullein,greater (coinnle muire) mustard,hoary (mustard liath) nettle (neantóg) nettle,small (neantóg bheag) nipplewort (duilleog bhríde) orache,common (eilifleog) parsley,fools (peirsil amaide) parsley-piert (mionán muire) pearlwort,procumbent (mongán sínte) pellitory-of-the-wall (feabhraíd) periwinkle,greater (an fincín mor) persicaria,pale (ghlúineach bhán) pimpernel,scarlet (falcaire fiain) pineappleweed (lus na hiothlainne) plantain,greater (cuach phádraig) plantain,ribwort (slánlus) poppy,opium (codlaidín) ragwort (buachlán buí) ragwort,hoary (Buachalán liath) ragwort,oxford (buachalan pheadair) redshank (ghlúineach dhearg) selfheal (duán ceannchosach) shepherds purse (lus an sparáin) silverweed (briosclán) snowberry (póirín sneachta) sow-thistle,smooth (bleachtán mín) speedwell,common field (lus cré garraí) spurge,petty (gearr nimhe) stonecrop,reflexed (grafán crom) stonecrop,white (grafán bán na gcloch) toadflax,ivy-leaved (lus lín an fhalla) travellers-joy (gabhrán) turnip,wild (tornapa fiáin)(tornapa fiáin) valerian,red (slán iomaire) wall pennywort (carnán caisil) willowherb,american (saileachán sráide) willowherb,broad-leaved (saileachán leathan) willowherb,greater (saileachán mór) willowherb,rosebay (lus na tine) winter heliotrope (plúr na gréinne)

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