Irish wildflowers Sitemap More: Ferns

Hard Shield-fern, Polystichum aculeatum

Hard Shield-fern
Polystichum aculeatum
Ibheag chrua
Family: Aspidiaceae

Spores ripen July-August. Evergreen perennial. Native.

Stiff, glossy, dark-green fronds (30-90cm long), the pinnae arching towards the tip of the fronds. Stalks with brown scales. Sori with circular indusia are situated on the veins which continue past them to the frond margins.

Occurs on mildly-acidic to base-rich soils in steep, wooded valleys, mountain gorges and hedgebanks. Also found in the grikes of limestone pavements. Most frequent in the north of Ireland.

Similar: Soft Shield-fern, Polystichum setiferum

Hard Shield-fern, Polystitchum aculeatum
Hard Shield-fern, Polystichum aculeatum. Coombaugh, Comeragh mountains, Co. Waterford. July 2009

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