Photograph above: Co. Limerick
Subsp. coccinea: Flowers deep reddish-pink, leaves recurved, unspotted.
Can be abundant in damp dune-slacks, machair grassland and calcareous fens.
Similar: D. incarnata subsp. incarnata and D. incarnata subsp. pulchella
Immediately above: Dactylorhiza incarnata ssp coccinea. Photographed by John Diggin on Bull Island. June 2009