Irish wildflowers

Birds-nest Orchid, Neottia nidus-avis, Magairlín neide éin
Photographs: County Waterford

Birds-nest Orchid
Neottia nidus-avis
Magairlín neide éin
Family: Orchidaceae

Flowering May - July. Perennial. Native.

Cylindrical spike of many yellowish-brown flowers, un-spurred, on short, twisted stalks. Whole plant is yellowish-brown with small brown scales instead of green leaves. Depends on digesting its fungal partner for nutrients. Stems usually single, rising from tangled root-mass. To 35cm.

Found growing among humus in shady, mixed deciduous woodland.
Rare, decreasing. Most frequent NW, NE Ireland.


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