Irish wildflowers

Photographs: Co.Cork

Centaurium erythyraea
Dréimire Mhuire
Family: Gentianaceae

Flowering time: June - October. Annual. Native.

Pinkish-red umbel of flowers, usually 5-lobed. Anthers twist at fruiting time.
Leaves in basal rosette, obvate (egg-shaped), smaller, narrower stem leaves.
Smaller, compact forms also occur (Illustrated further below). Height 5-50cm.

Dry banks, roadsides, sand dunes.

Similar: Lesser Centaury, C. pulchellum. Smaller, no basal leaf rosette.
Damp ground. Very rare in Ireland

Below: Small, 4-petalled form of Common Centaury found on a W Cork cliff top.

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