Flowering: February-April, fruiting: September-October.
Tiny red styles on female catkins, pendulous yellow male catkins. Appear before leaves. Edible nuts in clusters of 1-4 surrounded by leafy bracts. Downy leaves are oval-rounded, turning yellow in autumn. Downy twigs. Smooth red-brown bark. Multi-stemmed, produces many suckers. Height: To 8m
Locally abundant in woods, hedgerows, rocky ground and scrub throughout Ireland. Native, also widely planted.